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Siamese cats are not as susceptible to diseases as most other cats are. Your choices at the stage of selection of breeders and the task of learning more about the feline and the family tree and history of the cat which you choose to adopt or acquire is of great importance. Of course, you will want to talk to your vet about its health and what it is prone to so as to avoid exposing them to these health conditions.
The maintenance and upkeep of a Siamese cat is quite minimal. Apart from periodical medical checkups and its nutritional needs, it can be considered a low maintenance cat who requires very little in terms of the occasional grooming which you can carry out on your own.
At the onset of grooming practices it would be wise to employ the aide of another caregiver. Later on as the feline gets used to its routine, it will be much easier to carry out these necessary tasks.
At this stage, making certain that you have covered all the bases to ensure a happy, healthy new addition to your home is of vital importance.
- Behavior Around Humans: Generally known to be mild-tempered and sociable, if a Siamese cat is aloof around humans or is skittish then it may have possibly gone through some sort of abuse and/or neglect from the previous humans with which it cohabitated. Felines, much like most pets will recall trauma, especially if you choose to adopt one from a pet shelter. In this case, you will need to have greater patience. Traumatized pets will need a little more time to get used to its’ new and loving surroundings.
- Mobility: Have a look and make sure that the feline is able to walk well and is mobile on its own without hindrance or difficulty. Bless your heart if you choose to adopt one with an existing injury. Should you have a big heart and be open to adoption then you have to also be aware that you will be largely responsible for medical bills and possibly more frequent visits to the vet.
- Tail: All felines tend to develop arthritis on their tails as they age and mature. Remember to be gentle when handling the tail of any feline to avoid injury. With feathered strokes, gently run the ball of your palm up and down the Siamese tail. Never, at any cost, handle a cat by its tail.
- Cat-friendly Pet Interaction: Your presence will be of great importance at the stage of introduction of your Siamese to existing pets you may own and when welcoming it to its new home and refuge. Keep in mind that there are some pets that can be hostile toward others. Don’t make the mistake of just bringing home an additional furry buddy without research and preparation. You can avoid this stressful situation by doing in-depth research if your established pet is a cat-friendly one.
- Appetite: Siamese cats have moderate appetites. Over - feeding any pet is strongly discouraged to avoid health issues that may hamper the pets’ good health. Most cats are and can be susceptible to feline arthritis. Overfeeding and unscheduled offerings of food and treats could lead to obesity which could later be cause for the cat suffers from arthritis. A heavy set cat will have greater difficulty carrying its weight. This will limit its natural movements of jumping and skittering around.
- Body Appearance: Scrutinize and examine the fur, body, ears, and legs of the cat. Check for nicks, bald spots, lumps or hardness under its skin. Keep in mind to be very gentle with its tail and limbs, never handle a feline by its legs or its tail. Rough and extreme handling of its tail and limbs will most certainly cause it pain, discomfort and can be cause of preventable medical issues.
- Coat: Gently run your bare fingers through its coat as you look for signs of fleas or ticks that the cat may exhibit. It will be easy to spot if the Siamese suffers from this as it has fur that is close to its skin. Be vigilant and watch your feline for excessive scratching and skin gnawing. To minimize the occurrence of fleas and ticks, keep your Siamese indoors. Limit its outside excursions to a regular minimum and give it a bath once a month with pet-approved shampoo. Give it a regular brush after playtime, when it has spent its energy, and is in a relaxed state.
- Eyes: The eyes should be discharge free, almond-shaped and bright. The color of the eyes is to be a stark, vivid, tanzanite-blue. Due to the tyrosine mutation resulting in abnormality in the neurological connections between its eyes and brain some Siamese cats have the appearance of being cross-eyed; this is nature's way of compensating for the trait and allows the cat to see well. Because of selective breeding this trait is seen far less in Siamese cats today. However if you do choose one that may later display this trait be aware that the cat will have more challenges focusing and seeing in the dark. Again, keeping your Siamese indoors is strongly recommended.
- Ears: Ears are to be clean and wax free. Look out for tiny nicks that may be an invitation for infections. It is imperative that the Siamese cat’s ears be kept pristine. Cleaning its ears requires very little; a soft cloth moist with lukewarm water will do the job. Do not make the mistake of introducing cotton buds to clean its ears as this may cause injury to its eardrums. This, even in humans, can be dangerous and cause more harm than good.
- Mouth and Teeth: Look out for any deformities or abnormalities like protruding teeth. The upper and lower lip of the Siamese is to be aligned with each other. Breathing is not to be made out of the mouth. Its upper and lower lips should be aligned to each other. If you plan on showing your Siamese later on at shows, these details will be things that judges will be studying to determine if it meets their association’s pedigree regulations.
- Belly or Stomach: Scrutinize the feline for signs of a swollen belly or lumps around the stomach area. Look out for bald spots that may indicate fungal infections that may spread to other parts of the body.
- Anal Area: With gentle care, lift its tail to check the Siamese cat’s anal area to ensure that it is clean. As with cleaning its ears, use a soft cloth moistened with warm water.